Osteopenia refers to a condition in which bone density is lower than what is needed. Bone density is a sign that bones are still healthy and strong. Osteopenia increases the risk of osteoporosis, but not everyone who has osteopenia will experience osteoporosis. To be more specific, osteopenia is a bone mineral density where the T-score is between -1.0 to 2.5. The T-score is the number of units (standard deviations) of bones above or below average. Are you seeking tratamento osteopenia?
Decreasing bone density is normal with age. This process usually starts in middle age when the cells are reabsorbed by the body faster than how quickly new bones are made, making brittle bones. Thus, bones begin to lose minerals, mass, and structure and become weak so that they are susceptible to fractures. Osteopenia can also be caused due to certain medical conditions or treatments. Osteopenia is found to occur more in women than in men.
Symptoms of Osteopenia
Osteopenia usually has no symptoms. There is no pain or other signs to signal that bone density has begun to diminish, although it may be more likely to experience a fracture with volumes more often because the bones tend to become brittle not as hard as usual.
Radiography can be used to diagnose osteopenia; usually, it will appear visually bone density. In addition, examination of non-invasive scanning procedures such as dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) scans can be used to identify densities that have started to decline and also to ensure osteopenia and osteoporosis. Mineral bone due to density is then matched with those of the same age and health to find out whether the bone is in good condition or not.
Various lifestyle changes can help treat osteopenia, these changes include consuming vitamin D according to need. Sufferers should also stop smoking and not consume too much alcohol. In addition, we are also encouraged to exercise diligently every day and consume enough food.